Severe Symptoms of COPD
Written by: Anna Nicholson | Last reviewed: July 2015.
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. “What Are the Signs and Symptoms of COPD?” Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd/signs [Accessed 2 February 2015.]
- Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of COPD, 2014. Available at: http://www.goldcopd.org/ [Accessed 16 January 2015.]
- Merck Manuals. “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema).” Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/lung_and_airway_disorders/chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_disease_copd/chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_disease_chronic_bronchitis_emphysema.html [Accessed 2 February 2015.]
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. “What is Respiratory Failure?” http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/rf [Accessed 4 February 2015.]
- American Thoracic Society / European Respiratory Society Task Force. Standards for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients with COPD [Internet]. New York: American Thoracic Society;2004 [updated 2005 September 8].